- endangered species,
- social marketing
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Sarah Baillie, Kelley Dennings, Stephanie Feldstein
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The Endangered Species Condoms project was launched 10 years ago to bring the discussion of human population growth back into the environmental movement with a focus on human rights and reproductive justice. In that time, more than 1 million condoms have been distributed by thousands of volunteers. The principles of social marketing are used through the Endangered Species Condoms project to create a national discourse around the population issue. They are introduced in both formal teaching settings like high school and university classrooms as well as informal settings like community events and after-hours programing at zoos and museums to reach a broad, diverse audience.
- Adamy, J. and Overburg, P., 2019. Immigrants propel population growth in 10% of U.S. counties. Wall Street Journal. [online] Available at: <https://www.wsj.com/articles/immigrants-propel-population-growth-in-10-of-u-scounties-11555560061> [Accessed: 23 October 2019].
- CBD, n.d.. Statement on Immigration and Population. [online] Available at: <https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/programs/population_and_sustainability/immigration_statement.html> [Accessed: 29 October 2019].
- Clinchy, M. et al., 2016. Fear of the human “super predator” far exceeds the fear of large carnivores in a model mesocarnivore. Behavioral Ecology. 27 (6), pp. 1826-1832. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arw117.
- Dennings, K., 2018. Changing behaviors. In: Social Marketing Association of North America. Missouri Recycling Association 2018 annual conference: creating connections. Kansas City, MO. 11-13 September 2018.
- Falk, J. H. et al., 2007. Why zoos & aquariums matter: assessing the impact of a visit to a zoo or aquarium. [online] Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Available at: <http://www.aza.org> [Accessed: 16 October 2019].
- Falk, J. H., 2014. Evidence for the educational value of zoos and aquariums. [online] World Association of Zoos and Aquariums Magazine, 15. Available at: <http://www.waza.org> [Accessed: 16 October 2019].
- Feldstein, S., 2015. A long-overdue burial for the population vs. consumption question. [online] Ensia. Available at: <https://ensia.com/voices/a-long-overdueburial-for-the-population-vs-consumption-question/> [Accessed: 29 October 2019].
- Finer, L. B. and Zolna, M. R., 2016. Declines in unintended pregnancy in the United States, 2008-2011. New England Journal of Medicine, 374 (9), pp. 843–852. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsa1506575.
- Guttmacher Institute, 2019. Sex and HIV education. [online] Guttmacher Institute. Available at: <https://www.guttmacher.org/state-policy/explore/sex-and-hiveducation> [Accessed: 22 October 2019].
- Harvey, P. D., 1999. Let every child be wanted: how social marketing is revolutionizing contraceptive use around the world. Westport, CT: Auburn House.
- Kotler, P. and Zaltman, G., 1971. Social marketing: an approach to planned social change. Journal of Marketing, 35(3), p. 3. https://doi.org/10.2307/1249783.
- Lee, N. and Kotler, P., 2011. Social marketing: influencing behaviors for good. 4th edition. London: SAGE Publications.
- Manoff, R. K., 1985. Social marketing: new imperative for public health. Westport: Praeger Publishers.
- McKee, J., Chambers, E. and Guseman, J., 2013. Human population density and growth validated as extinction threats to mammal and bird species. Human Ecology, 41 (5), pp.773–778. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-013-9586-8.
- McKenzie-Mohr, D., 2011. Fostering sustainable behavior: an introduction to community-based social marketing. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers.
- McKinney, M. L., 2001. Role of human population size in raising bird and mammal threat among nations. Animal Conservation, 4 (1), pp. 45–57. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1367943001001056.
- Michie, S., Atkins, L. and West, R., 2014. The behaviour change wheel: a guide to designing interventions. London: Silverback Publishing.
- Rosenberg, K. V. et al., 2019. Decline of the North American avifauna. Science, p. eaaw1313. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw1313.
- Ryerson, W. N., 2018. The hidden gem of the Cairo consensus: helping to end population growth with entertainment media. The Journal of Population and Sustainability. 2 (2), pp. 51–61.
- Scott, J. M., 2008. Threats to biological diversity: global, continental, local. U.S. Geological Survey, Idaho Cooperative Fish and Wildlife, Research Unit, University of Idaho.
- Suraci, J. P. et al., 2019. Fear of humans as apex predators has landscape scale impacts from mountain lions to mice. Ecology Letters. 22 (10). pp. 1578–1586.
- UN, 2019. Growing at a slower pace, world population is expected to reach 9.7 billion in 2050 and could peak at nearly 11 billion around 2100. [online] UN (DESA United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs). Available at: <https://www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/world-population-prospects-2019.html> [Accessed: 22 October 2019].
- UNSDG, 2019. UN report: nature’s dangerous decline ‘unprecedented’; species extinction rates ‘accelerating’. [online] Sustainable Development Goals. Available at: <https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2019/05/nature-declineunprecedented-report/> [Accessed: 2 October 2019].
- UNESCO, 2010. Population continues to grow. [online] Available at: <http://www.unesco.org/education/tlsf/mods/theme_c/popups/mod13t01s001.html> [Accessed: 22 October 2019].
- Wiebe, G. D., 1951. Merchandising commodities and citizenship on television. Public Opinion Quarterly, 15 (4), p.679. https://doi.org/10.1086/266353.
- Wynes, S. and Nicholas, K. A., 2017. The climate mitigation gap: education and government recommendations miss the most effective individual actions. Environ. Res. Lett, 12 (7), p. 74024. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa7541.