Style Guide


Climates and Cultures in History and its publisher, The White Horse Press, aim to maintain high standards of writing and presentation. In particular, we aim to ensure that detailed styling is consistent within each article and across each issue.

We therefore ask all authors to make their best effort to adhere to the following detailed style guidance when preparing their article for submission.  





For identification purposes before layout:

First level: CAPS 

Second level: italics (sentence case)

Third level: bold (sentence case)










Illustrations and Tables



The following style should be employed:

Aldred, J. 2006. ‘Incommensurability and monetary valuation’. Land Economics 82 (3): 141–161.

Martinez-Alier, J., G. Munda and J. O’Neill. 1998. ‘Weak comparability of values as a foundation for ecological economics’. Ecological Economics 26: 277–286.

Rolston III, H. 1989. Philosophy Gone Wild. Second edition. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books.

Holland, A. 1997. ‘Substitutability: Why strong sustainability is weak and absurdly strong sustainability is not absurd’. In J. Foster (ed.), Valuing Nature? Economics, Ethics and Environment, pp. 119–134. London: Routledge.

James, C.P. 2006. A study of subsistence agriculture in the lower Nile Delta, 1875–1930. PhD Thesis, University of Cambridge.

Toulmin, C. 2013. ‘How Africa can solve its food crisis by growing more crops sustainably’. The Guardian, 18 April. (accessed 22 April 2020).

EPA 2000. Who Cares About the Environment? Sydney: Environmental Protection Authority. (accessed 16 October 2002).

De Jong, M. 1992. ‘Seasonality, itinerancy and domestic fluidity: The case of the nomadic sheep-shearers of the Karoo'Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for Anthropology in Southern Africa. University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.




The reference list should include DOIs where available. These can be found by going to; once you have registered your email address you can just paste in the reference list from the article; after about a minute it is displayed with all DOIs that they have been able to locate. It is normal for not all references to produce a DOI.

They should start on a new line and be formatted like this:


Abstract and Author Biography

A circa 100–150-word abstract should be given at the beginning, followed by around 5 keywords.

Following acceptance, author names, affiliations and email addresses should be given at the start, before the abstract.



Should be given as a separate paragraph at the end under the capitalised heading ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.




For further guidance, see the Chicago Manual of Style.