Style Guide




For identification purposes before layout:

First level: CAPS

Second level: italics(sentence case)

Third level: bold(sentence case)










Illustrations and Tables

Figure 1. [title, originator]. Source: […] [full stop at end]



The following style should be employed:

Aldred, J. 2006. ‘Incommensurability and monetary valuation’. Land Economics82(3): 141–161.

Martinez-Alier, J., G. Munda and J. O’Neill. 1998. ‘Weak comparability of values as a foundation for ecological economics’. Ecological Economics26: 277–286.

Rolston III, H. 1989. Philosophy Gone Wild. Second edition. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books.

Holland, A. 1997. ‘Substitutability: Why strong sustainability is weak and absurdly strong sustainability is not absurd’. In J. Foster (ed.), Valuing Nature? Economics, Ethics and Environment, pp. 119–134. London: Routledge.

James, C.P. 2006. ‘A study of subsistence agriculture in the lower Nile Delta, 1875–1930’. PhD Thesis, University of Cambridge.

Toulmin, C. 2013. ‘How Africa can solve its food crisis by growing more crops sustainably’. The Guardian, 18 April. 22 April 2020).

EPA 2000. Who Cares About the Environment? Sydney: Environmental Protection Authority. 16 October 2002).

De Jong, M. 1992. ‘Seasonality, itinerancy and domestic fluidity: The case of the nomadic sheep-shearers of the Karoo’. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for Anthropology in Southern Africa. University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.




The reference list should include DOIs where available. These can be found by going to; once you have registered your email address you can just paste in the reference list from the article; after about a minute it is displayed with all DOIs that they have been able to locate. It is normal for not all references to produce a DOI.

They should start on a new line and be formatted like this:


Abstract and Author Biography

A circa 100–150-word abstract should be given at the beginning, followed by around 5 keywords.

Following acceptance, short (100 words) author biographies should be included at the end of the article, together with email address(es).


Should be given as a separate paragraph at the end under the capitalised heading ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.




For further guidance, see the Chicago Manual of Style.