Environmental Values 9(2000): 353-372. doi: 10.3197/096327100129342092
Environmentalist philosophers often paint a holistic picture, stressing such things as the continuity of humanity with wider nature and our membership of the 'natural community'. The implication seems to be that a non-anthropocentric philosophy requires that we strongly identify ourselves with nature and therefore that we downplay any human/non-human distinction. An alternative view, I think more interesting and plausible, stresses the distinction between humanity and a nature valued precisely for its otherness. In this article I discuss some of its main elements, and some of the difficulties involved with keeping nature's otherness in focus. Firstly (in sections 1-5), I try to clarify what I take to be the otherness-based position by distinguishing it from the apparently similar views of John Passmore, Robert Elliott and Keekok Lee, and some opposed holistic views, especially of J. Baird Callicott. Then, in the second half of the article (sections 6-7), I argue that if nature is valued in virtue of its otherness, this value is best thought of as an extrinsic, final and objective good, where 'objectivity' is a 'method of understanding', in Thomas Nagel's sense. Although I give some reasons for preferring an otherness account to certain alternative positions, I make no overall attempt to 'prove' that nature is valuable for its otherness. My aim is to show that, if it is, then this seems the best way to understand that value.
KEYWORDS: Otherness, nature, holism, intrinsic value, objectivism
REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:
Two Distinctions in Environmental Goodness. Karen Green
CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles:
Nature as a You: Novalis' Philosophical Thought and the Modern Ecological Crisis. Christian Becker and Reiner Manstetten
The Aesthetic Significance of Nature's Otherness. Marianne O'Brien
Darwinism and Human Dignity.Ben Dixon
Rethinking Nature: Public Visions in the Netherlands. Riyan J.G. van den Born
Does the Idea of Wilderness Need a Defence?. Paul M. Keeling
Wilderness as the Place between Philosophy and Theology: Questioning Martin Drenthen on the Otherness of Nature. Forrest Clingerman
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