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Environmental Values

The Politics of Justification: Newspaper Representations of Environmental Conflict between Fishers and the Oil Industry in Mexico

Liina-Maija Quist, Pia Rinne

Environmental Values 26 (2017): 457-479. doi: 10.3197/096327117X14976900137359

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ABSTRACT

Media representations of environmental conflicts between companies and communities play an important role in influencing ideas about the rightful exploitation of natural resources. This article examines local newspapers' representations of fishers' claims over resource access in a conflict between fishers and the oil industry in Tabasco, Mexico. Our analysis is based on articles from two newspapers dating from 2003-2004 and 2007-2012, and ethnographic data from 2011-2012. Drawing on Boltanski and Thevenot's theory of justification, discussions on patrimonial collectivities, and studies of media and social movements, we suggest that Tabascan newspapers reshape fishers' claims over resource access by portraying fisheries and oil as patrimony. Being an ambivalent vocabulary for the defence of space and locality within a conflict over natural-resource enclosure, the newspaper narratives of patrimony both invoke subaltern concerns and reconstrue state authority and local hierarchies. Furthermore, the newspaper narratives are interconnected with fisher leaders' narratives, in particular, while misrepresenting different fisher groups' arguments, and thereby contribute to political division among the fishers as a whole.


KEYWORDS

Fishers, justification, media representation, oil industry, patrimony

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

Representations of Tropical Forests and Tropical Forest-Dwellers in Travel Accounts of National Geographic. Anja Nygren

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Editorial: Environmentalism and Democracy in the Age of Nationalism and Corporate Capitalism. Clive L. Spash


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