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Human and Non-Human Migration: Understanding Species Introduction and Translocation through Migration Ethics

David Switzer and Nicole Frances Angeli

Environmental Values 25 (2016): 443-463. doi: 10.3197/096327116X14661540759232

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ABSTRACT

Despite the propensity of species introductions to disrupt ecosystems through community disassembly, the use of species translocations is becoming more widely accepted. In this paper, we examine ethical investigations into human migration in an attempt to evaluate how translocation may be justified. Previous attempts to make the analogy between human and species migration have been prone to black and white thinking. We argue that the disagreement between nativist and cosmopolitan approaches to introduced species can be defused by extending the analogy through the migration ethics literature. Additionally, by extending the discussion to the special status of refugees, we are able to develop a theoretical framework for species migrations that acknowledges the risk of species introduction while recognising that special obligations towards endangered species may necessitate the use of translocations.


KEYWORDS

Translocation, species introduction, assisted migration

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

Nativism and Nature: Rethinking Biological Invasion. Jonah H. Peretti

Strangers in a Strange Land: The Problem of Exotic Species Mark Woods and Paul Veatch Moriarty

Exotic Species, Naturalisation, and Biological Nativism Ned Hettinger

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Editorial: Letting Nature Take its Course. Simon P. James


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