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Environmental Values

Species Equality and the Foundations of Moral Theory

James C. Anderson

Environmental Values 2(1993): 347-365. doi: 10.3197/096327193776679837

The paper discusses various concepts of 'species equality' and 'species superiority' and the assumptions concerning intrinsic value on which they depend. I investigate what philosophers from the traditional deontological (Taylor and Lombardi) and utilitarian (Singer and Attfield) perspectives have meant by their claims for species equality. I attempt to provide a framework of intrinsic values that justifies one sense in which members of a species can be said to be superior to members of another species.

KEYWORDS: Equality, superiority, intrinsic values

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