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Environmental Values

A Critical Assessment of Public Consultations on GMOs in the European Union

Marko Ahteensuu and Helena Siipi

Environmental Values 18 (2009): 129-152. doi: 10.3197/096327109X438035


The paper highlights shortcomings in the public consultation practices on the deliberate release and placing on the market of GMOs in the European Union and in one of its member countries, Finland. It is argued that current GMO consultation practices do not meet the aims and objectives on which their introduction is typically justified. Specifically, they do not serve democracy, increase consensus, enable better decisions to be made, or establish trust. We conclude that there is a clear need for the active development of the GMO consultation practices and for a further critical discussion on the ethical and socio-political foundation of public engagement.


Public engagement and consultation, GMOs, European Commission, Finnish Board for Gene Technology, deliberative democracy

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

An Imaginary Solution? The Green Defence of Deliberative Democracy. Manuel Arias-Maldonado

Scientists' Perspectives on the Deliberate Release of GM Crops. Valborg Kvakkestad, Frøydis Gillund, Kamilla Anette Kjølberg and Arild Vatn

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Sovereign Citizens and Constrained Consumers: Why Sustainability Requires Limits on Choice. Susanne Menzel and Tom L. Green

Deliberation on GMOs: A Study of How a Citizens' Jury Affects the Citizens' Attitudes. Marianne Aasen and Arild Vatn

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