Environmental Values 18 (2009): 91-112. doi: 10.3197/096327109X404807
To illuminate the problems and perspectives of water management in Iran and comparable (semi-) arid Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, three paradigms can be distinguished: the traditional, the industrial and the reflexive paradigm. Each paradigm is characterised by its key technical system, its main social institution and its ethico-religious framework. Iran seems to be in a state of transition from the 'hydraulic mission' of industrial modernity to a more reflexive approach to water management. This article sketches the contours of the emerging paradigm: a complementary system of traditional and modern methods of water provision, a participatory water resources management and a 'post-mechanistic' ethico-religious framework.
Water, Qanat irrigation system, industrial modernity
REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:
Caring for Nature: What Science and Economics Can't Teach Us but Religion Can. Holmes Rolston, III
Technology and Epistemology: Environmental Mentalities and Urban Water Usage. Nicole Stuart
CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles
Modern Water Ethics: Implications for Shared Governance. Jeremy J. Schmidt and Dan Shrubsole
Download full text (PDF format) from IngentaConnect. Access is free if your institution subscribes to Environmental Values.
Contact the publishers for subscriptions and back numbers of Environmental Values.Other papers in this volume
THE WHITE HORSE PRESS
The Old Vicarage, Winwick
Cambridgeshire, PE28 5PN, UK
Tel: +44 1832 293222