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Environmental Values

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Environmental Values

Learning in Sustainable Agriculture: Food Miles and Missing Objects

Alastair Iles

Environmental Values 14(2005): 163-183. doi: 10.3197/0963271054084894

Industrial production imposes geographical, economic and cultural distances between producers and consumers. The concept of constituting 'missing objects' can help shrink these distances by enabling actors to engage in discourses and practices about contexts beyond what is materially present. Since the mid-1990s, food miles have emerged as an example of missing objects, representing the distance that agricultural products travel from the farm to the dining table, and the environmental effects of transportation. I analyse how consumers, farmers, activists, industry and policy-makers in the United States and Europe are building agency in making and using food miles.


KEYWORDS: Environmental representations, food miles, missing objects, sustainable agriculture

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Cultivating Carrots and Community: Local Organic Food and Sustainable Consumption. Gill Seyfang

Virtual Water Trade, Sustainability and Territorial Equity across Phases of Globalisation in India. Maniklal Adhikary and Samrat Chowdhury


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