WHP Logo

The White Horse Press

Environmental Values

Contents of Volume 11

Other volumes of EV

Environmental Values

Resisting Development, Reinventing Modernity: Rural Electrification in the United States before World War II

Ronald R. Kline

Environmental Values 11(2002): 327-344. doi: 10.3197/096327102129341118

The essay examines local resistance to the New Deal rural electrification program in the United States before World War II as a crucial aspect of socio-technical change. Large numbers of farm men and women opposed the introduction of the new technology, did not purchase a full complement of electrical appliances, and did not use electric lights and appliances in the manner prescribed by the goverment modernisers (the Rural Electrification Administration) and manufacturers. These acts of 'transformative resistance' helped to shape artefacts and social practices.

KEYWORDS: U.S. Rural Electrification Administration, resistance to new technology

This article is available online (PDF format) from Ingenta Journals. Access is free if your institution subscribes to Environmental Values. Reprints of this article can be ordered from ingenta or the British Library

Contact the publishers for subscriptions and back numbers of Environmental Values.

The Old Vicarage, Winwick
Cambridgeshire, PE28 5PN, UK
Tel: +44 1832 293222