Environmental Values 10(2001): 331-359. doi: 10.3197/096327101129340868
This paper recognises the many contributions to work on environmental values while arguing that some reconsideration of elicitation practices is warranted. It argues that speaking and thinking about certain environmental values, particularly ethical expressions, are ill-matched with the affectively neutral, direct question-answer formats standard to willingness-to-pay and survey methods. Several indirect, narrated, and affectively resonant elicitation tasks were used to provide study participants with new opportunities to express their values. Coded results demonstrate that morally resonant, image-based, and narrative-style elicitation tasks help respondents articulate a broader range of noncost and nonutilitarian environmental values. However, it was found that elicitations of this kind are most useful when presented in a affectively subtle and noncontroversial form. Several suggestions for synthesising these methods with more structured forms (e.g., surveys, constructed preferences, etc.) are offered.
KEYWORDS: Environmental ethics and values, emotion and value, value deliberation, value elicitation methods, noneconomic value, narrative valuation, public participation
REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:
Public Attitudes to Contingent Valuation and Public Consultation. Roy Brouwer, Neil Powe, R. Kerry Turner, Ian J. Bateman and Ian H. Langford
Humans Valuing Nature: Synthesising Insights from Philosophy, Psychology and Economics. Michael Lockwood
Nature is Already Sacred. Kay Milton
CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles:
Incorporating Value Trade-offs into Community-Based Environmental Risk Decisions Robin S. Gregory
Shifting Forest Value Orientations in the United States, 1980-2001: A Computer Content Analysis. David N. Bengston, Trevor J. Webb and David P. Fan
Natura economica in Environmental ValuationKatrine Soma
Rethinking Nature: Public Visions in the Netherlands. Riyan J.G. van den Born
Evaluating the 'Ethical Matrix' as a Radioactive Waste Management Deliberative Decision-Support Tool.Matthew Cotton
Social Practice and the Evolution of Personal Environmental Values. Sarah Hards
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