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Environment and History

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Environment and History

Lessons from South Africa: War and Wildlife Protection in the Southern Sudan, 1917-1921

Jane Carruthers

Environment and History 3(1997): 299-322

For a few years at the end of the First World War, James Stevenson-Hamilton, warden of the Kruger National Park in South Africa, was employed in the Sudan civil service, Despite the dissimilar human history and natural environments of South Africa and the Southern Sudan, Stevenson-Hamilton's experiences in Mongalla province were informed by his professional life in South Africa and his comments on the game protection initiatives in the Sudan at that time are relevant to the modern conservation doctrine of sustainable yield. In the early 1920s Stevenson-Hamilton was responsible for drafting Sudanese game protection legislation which endured for a number of decades.

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