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Environment and History

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Environment and History

Nature's Ombudsmen: The Evolution of Environmental Representation in Sweden

Thomas Hillmo and Ulrik Lohm

Environment and History 3(1997): 19-43

In Sweden, during the 20th century, a number of different groups or institutions have nominated themselves as being Nature's representatives. This essay deals with the ideas, motives or reasons for nature conservation advanced by these groups. Three successive regimes of regulation are identified, which can be codified on the basis of their underlying characteristics as 'entailed estate', 'common land' and 'reservation'. The essay also reflects on the growing political interest in nature conservation and the gradual shift of power from the individual to the state, and how this transfer of power is authorised.

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