WHP Logo

The White Horse Press

Environment and History

Contents of Volume 23

Other volumes of E&H

Environment and History

Weather and the Jacobite Rebellion of 1719

Patrick J. Klinger

Environment and History 23 (2017): 197-216. doi: 10.3197/096734017X14900292921752

Download reference in Endnote or BibTex format

In late 1718, King Philip of Spain and his Prime Minister Giulio Alberoni joined with James Francis Edward Stuart and the Duke of Ormonde of the Jacobites to fight a common enemy. Together in early 1719, they launched a remarkably ambitious naval invasion of Britain whose purpose was to raise a rebellion of Scots and disaffected Englishmen in order to overthrow Hanoverian monarch, George I. This paper examines the weather that affected the invasion attempt. Although weather affects many events, the interference of weather is greater at certain times than others. The success of the Jacobite Rebellion of 1719, at least for some of the participants, was thwarted by a storm. This example showed that not all storms are equal in their effect on events, and understanding the distinct features of different storms is important. Because of this, studying the nature of storms and studying the (meteorological) knowledge of those who planned the military expeditions becomes important to our understanding of the events themselves. The Jacobite Rebellion of 1719 was an example of this and this paper argues that the storm and related weather events that occurred in 1719 were beyond the meteorological understanding of the Rebellion's planners. The reactions of contemporaries to this storm and the failed Jacobite Rebellion of 1719 are important to our understanding of early modern meteorological knowledge and of the effect of weather on war and politics during the same period.

KEYWORDS: Jacobite, weather, Stuart, Ormonde, Alberoni, cut-off low


Download full text (PDF format) from IngentaConnect. Access is free if your institution subscribes to Environment and History.
Reprints of this article can be ordered from the British Library

Contact the publishers for subscriptions and back numbers of Environment and History.

Other papers in this volume

THE WHITE HORSE PRESS
The Old Vicarage, Winwick
Cambridgeshire, PE28 5PN, UK
Tel: +44 1832 293222