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Environment and History

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Environment and History

Salmonid Acclimatisation in Colonial Victoria: Improvement, Restoration and Recreation 1858-1909

Peter Minard

Environment and History 21 (2015): 177-199. doi: 10.3197/096734015X14267043141345

Aquaculture and salmonid acclimatisation in Victoria drew upon and adapted European and American precedents to reflect local circumstances and priorities. Multiple attempts were made to acclimatise various species of European and American salmonids in Victoria throughout the nineteenth century. The Acclimatisation Society of Victoria assembled a salmonid acclimatisation network that combined transnational aquaculture expertise with local commercial imperatives, a desire to restore damaged fisheries and a unique local acclimatisation theory. This network was subsequently used and transformed by regional fish acclimatisation societies and private individuals. The network finally collapsed with the professionalisation of the Victorian fisheries in the 1880s and the establishment of the Fisheries and Game department in 1909. Exploring the rise and fall of this network demonstrates and analyses the operation of transnational acclimatisation knowledge and practices.

KEYWORDS: Acclimatisation, Victoria, salmon, trout

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