WHP Logo

The White Horse Press

Environment and History

Contents of Volume 18

Other volumes of E&H

Environment and History

Biologists Bridging Science and the Conservation Movement: The Rise of Nature Conservation and Nature Management in the Netherlands, 1850-1950

Henny J. van der Windt

Environment and History 18 (2012): 209-236. doi: 10.3197/096734012X13303670112812

This paper investigates the importance and various roles of amateur naturalists and biologists in the conservation movement between 1850 and 1950, in particular in the Netherlands. It is concluded that biological sciences were important resources for Dutch nature conservation, although the extent of their importance and the approaches taken varied considerably over the course of decades. Early on, amateur naturalists were leading 'movement intellectuals' who combined different types of knowledge, arguments for the protection of nature and practices in a new way. Later, after the institutionalisation of biology, the rise of ecology and the societal recognition of nature conservation, professional scientists developed new approaches and became more influential. They gave nature conservation more status and greater legitimacy. The founding of networks with scientists and other actors turned out to be of great importance. So a new societal role for biologists was created, but also a niche for ecological research. In the Netherlands, biologists had different strategies, some of them more appropriate for practical and political aims and for cooperation with amateurs than others. The Dutch interactions between scientists and conservation resemble those in Germany and the UK, but were quite different from those in Belgium.

KEYWORDS: Nature conservation, nature management, ecologists, social movement, network, scientific demarcation

Download full text (PDF format) from IngentaConnect. Access is free if your institution subscribes to Environment and History.
Reprints of this article can be ordered from the British Library

Contact the publishers for subscriptions and back numbers of Environment and History.

Other papers in this volume

The Old Vicarage, Winwick
Cambridgeshire, PE28 5PN, UK
Tel: +44 1832 293222